Berga

Passion for a fantastic city

Llobregat Springs (near Berga)

At an altitude of 1,200 metres, and surrounded by nature, you can see the source of one of the most important rivers in Catalonia, the Llobregat. It is worth visiting these springs just for their spectacular appearance, especially in spring after the snow has melted and the rains have restored them to their full splendour.

Also recommended is a visit to the tourist town of Castellar de n’Hug, also known for the famous sheepdog competition held there every August.

Location: In the town of Castellar de n’Hug.

Fuentes-Llobregat

Church of Sant Vicenç de Rus (near Berga)

Located in the town of Castellar de n’Hug, in the region of Berguedá.

It consists of a single nave, covered with a half-barrel vault, and a semicircular apse with a half-dome vault. It was constructed in the early 12th century, given its Romanesque style. On the south facade is the entrance door, built with a semicircular arch, without ornamentation. It has a bell gable with two openings.

Location: In the town of Castellar de n’Hug.

Iglesia-st-vicenç-rus

Llobregat Waterway Park (near Berga)

The Berguedá region has a very important industrial past, as its main source of income once came from coal mining, textiles and cement. Today, all that remains is a memory, although a not-too-distant one, and a historical legacy that can be visited through different spaces.

A visit to the various textile colonies gives you the opportunity to learn about this urban development model -characteristic of the industrialisation process that began in Catalonia in the second half of the 19th century-, and to relive the daily life of those times.

The textile colonies located on the section of river from Berga to Balsareny are the most valuable, in urban design, architectural and historical terms, to be found in Catalonia. This is a unique collection of industrial colonies where thousands of people used to live and work. They share some common elements but also have their own unique elements, making each one different.

Location: Torre de l’Amo de Viladomiu Nou, Gironella

Parque-fluvial

Monastery of Sant Jaume de Frontanyà (near Berga)

Sant Jaume de Frontanyà is an Augustinian monastery located in the centre of the town of the same name in the Berguedá region. It was built in the 11th century to take in the community of St Jaume Vell which was suffering due to the poor conditions in the upper part of the mountain.

Today, all that remains of the monastery is its church, consisting of a single nave, three apses, and a transept. The nave and transept arms have a barrel vault, and over the crossing is an octagonal dome that forms a 12-sided cupola on the exterior. It is the only one that remains from this period in Catalonia. On the exterior façade, over the entrance door, there is a porthole window. The square belfry above the main façade was rebuilt in 1572.

Location: In the village of Sant Jaume de Frontanyà.

Monasterio-St-Jaume

Church of Santa Maria de Avià (near Berga)

The church of Santa Maria de Avià is in the town of Avià in the region of Berguedà.

This Romanesque construction was built in the mid 12th century. It has a single nave with an apse of similar height and width, and is covered by a half-barrel vault, reinforced by two arches. The entrance door is formed by two recessed, semicircular arches. Its bell gable has two openings, with no ornamentation on its exterior.

Location: In the town of Avià.

Sta-Maria-Avia

Church of St Llorenç prop Bagà (near Berga)

The Monastery of Sant Llorenç prop Bagà lies a kilometre from the town of Guardiola de Berguedà.

The original church, consecrated in 983, had a rectangular plan, and consisted of three naves separated by columns, a main door on the east side, and other side doors that communicated with the monastery buildings.

During the 11th century, two semicircular apsidioles were added to the side aisles, the remains of which were found in excavations carried out in the 1980s.

The most important reform work took place in the 12th century: a rectangular section was added between the apsidioles, forming a central apse; a rostrum was built in the middle of the central nave, and beneath it a crypt was formed, which communicated with the church by means of different staircases.

After further reforms in the 18th and 19th centuries, what has been preserved of the church today is half the size of the original. It has a square plan and is split into two levels; the upper level with two naves and the bottom with three naves covered with groin vaults. The upper floor is used for worship, and the central nave has a barrel vault which incorporates various windows with semicircular arches.

All that is left of the cloister and the monastery buildings are remains of the walls and structures.

Location: A kilometre from the town of Guardiola de Berguedà.

St-Llorenc-Prop-Baga

Church of Sant Quirze de Pedret (near Berga)

The church of Sant Quirze de Pedret is situated in the municipality of Cercs (Berguedà), although it is accessed from Berga, by crossing the Llobregat river over the well-preserved medieval bridge of Pedret.

The original church is pre-Romanesque, dating from the 9th century. It features a single nave (the current central nave) with a trapezoidal apse, and an access door on the west (now disappeared). It was extended to three aisles in the mid 10th century, and the two side aisles end in apsidioles with a horseshoe-shaped plan.

Of the south aisle, only a small section remains; the rest was replaced in the 13th century by a bell tower, which collapsed (perhaps due to the earthquakes in the 15th century) and by a porch that protects the original Romanesque facade from the 13th century.

The inner walls of the central nave had to be reinforced in the 11th century, as, in the transition from “pre” to Romanesque, the wooden gabled roof was replaced with the traditional, and much heavier, stone barrel vault.

The interior of the church has very interesting paintings, especially in the apses.

Location: In the town of Cercs.

St-Quirze-Pedret

adí Moixeró and Pedraforca Natural Park (near Berga)

This is one of the largest parks in Catalonia and it boasts a wide diversity of flora and fauna. Visitors can enjoy the nature here by taking one of the way-marked routes, along which are fountains and picnic areas. You can also visit the park’s offices, where you can find out more through a nice audiovisual presentation.

One of the park’s highlights is Pedraforca mountain, which stands at 2,506 metres high. It is also known as the magic mountain, or witches’ mountain, owing to the various legends that surround it. Its emblematic setting and its unusual forked shape make it one of Catalonia’s most original mountains.

Location: La Vinya, 1, in the village of Bagà.

Pedraforca

La Baells Reservoir (near Berga)

The Pantano de la Baells is a reservoir belonging to the Llobregat river, created by a dam located in the municipality of Cercs, which takes in the towns of Cercs and Vilada in the Berguedá region.

It serves to regulate the upper basin of the Llobregat river, supply water to the metropolitan area of Barcelona, and to produce hydroelectric power. The dam, which was opened in 1976, has a thick arch and double-curvature design.

To make the dam, concrete containing different-sized stones was used, with reinforced concreted used for some of the finishes.

Location: Between the towns of Cercs and Vilada.

Pantano-Baells

Pedret Bridge (near Berga)

This Gothic bridge crossing the Llobregat is documented from 1286 and made of irregular, unpolished stone. Although it originally had 5 arches, it now only has 4 arches of different dimensions.

Near the bridge is a series of round holes dug into the live rock, which correspond to the sockets for the wooden beams that support a Roman bridge.

It is an interesting example of Gothic bridge, which once facilitated communication between the town of Berga and the Church of Sant Quirze de Pedret with the area of Sant Miquel de les Canals and Puigarbessós.

Location: Near Berga.

Puente-Pedret

Artigas Gardens (near Berga)

Designed by architect Antonio Gaudí. In the early 20th century, Eusebio Güell i Bacigalupi founded in Clot del Moro, the first Portland cement factory in Catalonia, called Asland. To fuel the furnaces they used by the coal extracted from mines in the Catllaràs mountains. Because of the considerable distance between the centre of the town of La Pobla de Lillet and the mining site, Eusebi Güell commissioned Antonio Gaudí to design the Chalet de Catllaràs to house the engineers and miners.

During his time in Valle de Lillet, Gaudí stayed with the Artigas family, owners of one of the most prosperous factories of the time. To show his gratitude for their hospitality, Gaudí designed a garden for them on the land just in front of their house and the textile mill. And so the Artigas Gardens were born, a work where nature and architecture merge in perfect harmony.

Location: Parc Xesco Boix, s/n, in the town of Pobla de Lillet

Website: www.poblalillet.cat
Jardines-Artigas

Cercs Mining Museum (near Berga)

The Berguedà region has a very important industrial past, as its main source of income once came from coal mining, textiles, and cement. Today, all that remains is a memory, although a not-too-distant one, and a historical legacy that can be visited through different spaces.

The Museum is located in the Sant Corneli mining settlement and serves as an interpretive centre dedicated to coal mining in Berguedà. The settlement was founded in the late 19th century to house the people who worked in the mines, following the already deeply-rooted industrial model in Catalonia.

Location: Sant Corneli Settlement in Cercs.

Website: www.mmcercs.cat
Museo-Minas

Asland Cement Museum (near Berga)

The Berguedá region has a very important industrial past, as its main source of income once came from coal mining, textiles and cement. Today, all that remains is a memory, although a not-too-distant one, and a historical legacy that can be visited through different spaces.

The Asland cement factory in Clot del Moro, in the municipality of Castellar de n’Hug, closed down over thirty years ago.

It was the first Portland cement factory in Catalonia. Count Eusebio Güell, Antoni Gaudí’s patron, had it built in the late 19th century to exploit the limestone in the area.

Location: Paratge del Clot del Moro, s/n in Castellar de n’Hug.

Website: www.museuciment.cat/eng/home.php
Museo-Cemento

Cement Train (near Berga)

The Alt Llobregat tourist railway, also known as the Cement Train, connects La Pobla de Lillet with the Clot del Moro area in the municipality of Castellar de n’Hug.

Its journey covers 3.5 kilometres and takes in different tourist attractions in the area, which include the exhibition of transport vehicles, located in Pobla de Lillet station; the town’s old quarter; the Artigas Gardens designed by Gaudí; and the Asland Cement Museum belonging to the Clot del Moro cement factory. The tour begins at the factory and continues towards Guardiola de Berguedá, where it links up with the Catalan railways, and where cement and other goods used to be transferred.

Location: In the town of Pobla de Lillet.

Website: www.ferrocarrilturistic.cat/eng/recorregut.html
Tren-Cemento

Queralt Sanctuary (Berga)

The Sanctuary of Queralt, also called Santa Maria de Queralt or La Virgen de Queralt, is located northwest of the town of Berga, in the former municipal district of La Valldan.

The Sanctuary is situated on the eastern slope of Castellberguedá, at the top of the Sierra de Queralt, at an altitude of 1,200 metres. Apparently, the site where the Sanctuary stands today was once occupied by the castle of Guillem de Berguedà (1138-1196), the troubadour about whom several texts have been written.

The Queralt complex is comprised of the Sanctuary, where the image of the Virgin of Queralt is worshiped, and an annex building which, in its time, was the guest quarters of the Sanctuary. It now houses the restaurant and the cable car station, accessible from the parking area. Also considered part of the Sanctuary is the church of the Cueva (cave) where, according to legend, a shepherd from Vilaforniu found an image of the Virgin in the 14th century.

Location: the Sancturay is located in Berga.

Santuario-Queralt